Thirdly, the specific power that Time has to shape and mould the lover’s face and in the final two lines that form a rhyming couplet the speaker offers a final defiant gesture — that Time can do its worst because poetry will beat it in the end. Another feature of sonnets is a “turn” or volta. Term of address — ‘old Time’ — the speaker uses the adjective ‘old’ to create a kind of contradictory feeling to his relationship to Time, though Time controls the passing of the days, hours and weeks the speaker is suggesting that Time itself is old, perhaps an outdated concept or something that’s less powerful than the speaker’s own new and refreshing take to his art — he feels that he can beat Time through his poetry, which will continue to be read and reprinted for years after both himself and the subject have passed on. Of the 154 sonnets that Shakespeare wrote throughout his lifetime, 126 were written to a figure known as the Fair Youth. The two declarations of love are important, because some commentators claim that sonnet 20 marks a change of direction in the poet's attitude to the young man. Album Sonnets. Despite thy wrong. Devouring Time, blunt thou the lion’s paws. The theme of the ravages of Time is explored. Then in the final couplet the tone switches again, becoming more confrontational, as if the speaker sees himself as locked directly in a battle with Time over the preservation or decay of the youth’s beauty. It implies that beauty can have an inherent aesthetic (surface value) quality to it, that the shape and design of some things that can be found on earth are just certainly beautiful, that they inspire a feeling of love or awe in us. Subscribe to our mailing list and get new poetry analysis updates straight to your inbox. This is a common practice within sonnets, especially for those poets who write a large number of them. This is a poem addressed directly to ‘Time’, a personification of the idea of time, so the speaker is speaking to it as if it were a conscious being. He says Time can do whatever it pleases because he has so much confidence in his own poetic ability, that the beautiful youth will be preserved forever in his poetic lines. Devouring Time, blunt thou the lion’s paws, He wrote plays and also a certain amount of poetry, including sonnets. As the lover apostrophizes Time, one might expect him to address “old Time” as inconstant, for such an epithet implies time’s changeability. And burn the long-liv’d Phoenix in her blood; Although gruesome, and not particular nice, she’s welcome to it. Sonetto 19 di shackespear analisi testuale? In Sonnet 19, the poet addresses Time and, using vivid animal imagery, comments on Time's normal effects on nature. This would be an interesting point to contrast with modern perspective on beauty, which is typically more focused on inner qualities than aesthetics. Devouring Time, blunt thou the lion’s paws, And make the earth devour her own sweet brood; At the beginning of ‘Devouring Time, blunt thou the lion’s paws,’ the speaker utilizes the line which has come to be used as the title. But, the speaker says, he forbids Time to do one terrible crime: Don’t carve his lover’s fair brow with lines ( and don’t let him grow old and get wrinkles, drawing lines on his head with an antique pen). The English sonnet consists of three quatrains followed by a couplet. In fact the change has already occurred, in 10, 13, and 15 before it is repeated here. Emma graduated from East Carolina University with a BA in English, minor in Creative Writing, BFA in Fine Art, and BA in Art Histories. Sonnets are traditionally explorations of the theme of love, and so the persona of the poem often takes the form of a lover who addresses their words to their desired partner. Commonly, it is also composed of a summary of the previous lines. Please continue to help us support the fight against dementia. In his Sonnet 19, Shakespeare presents the timeless theme of Time's mutability. The sonnet is split into three quatrains, with the first one attacking Time and its all-consuming nature. It follows the form's typical rhyme scheme: ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. He says that Time is welcome to make the seasons shift from happy to sad as it moves quickly through the years, and do whatever it wants to the world and all the sweet things in it that fade. Join the conversation by. Subscribe to our mailing list to get the latest and greatest poetry updates. Though the general belief is that the speaker's attitude toward the fair lord changes in Sonnet 20, the admittance of love for the subject in Sonnet 19 already hints at it. Sonnet 19: Devouring Time, blunt thou the lion's paws By William Shakespeare About this Poet While William Shakespeare’s reputation is based primarily on his plays, he became famous first as a poet. In Sonnet 19, the volta occurs after just seven lines. He should remain beautiful forever and therefore be the symbol of all male beauty. The speaker recognizes this and is hoping to reign her in, just a little. O, carve not with the hours my love’s fair brow. Perhaps this is a comment on the idealistic freshness of youth and how this fades as people mature. Decay is a natural process — though we are often repulsed by the idea of decay, this poem reminds us that it is a natural process. In the fourth line she adds another wild choice “Time” could make. Although the beauty of the friend is mentioned in only one line, and the poet gives no specific details about the nature of this beauty, it is clear that he regards his friend’s beauty to be of a special nature. Kissel, Adam ed. What follows is a brief summary and analysis of Shakespeare’s Sonnet 19 in terms of the poem’s language, meaning, and themes. He says that he has immortalized his friend’s beauty through this sonnet, and as long as this sonnet would be read by people, his friend’s beauty would remain alive. The turn can be comprised of any number of shifts or changes. What the speaker is saying is that it’s okay with her if “Time” destroys life and kills her, “own sweet brood.”. Literature is one of her greatest passions which she pursues through analysing poetry on Poem Analysis. By capitalizing it, Shakespeare is imbuing it with agency, as if it is an active, conscious force in the world that can be reasoned with. She refers to time as “swift-footed.” The force moves quickly from place to place and has an uncontrollably will. The text of Shakespeare's sonnet 19. Every single person that visits PoemAnalysis.com has helped contribute, so thank you for your support. Yet here the speaker is also more universal, he or she is talking about Time’s effect on youth, beauty and attraction in general. Please support this website by adding us to your whitelist in your ad blocker. Sonnet form — the poem is split into quatrains (four line sections) which have different but linked ideas: Firstly, an attack on Time and its all-consuming power where the speaker says Time is welcome to continue devouring these things. Secondly, the crimes that Time commits as it steals the seasons and the beautiful ‘sweets’ of the world. GradeSaver, 19 October 2005 Web. Shakespeare, William - Sonetto 19 Appunto di letteratura inglese contenente la traduzione del sonetto numero XIX di William Shakespeare Sonnet 19 in modern English Devouring Time, you may make the lion’s claws blunt and return all creatures to the earth from which they sprang; pull the teeth from the fierce tiger’s jaws, and destroy the phoenix in her fire. ‘Sonnet 19' is a great little poem, it shows a speaker locked in a battle against Time. “Time” can take away from the lion the things that make it powerful, just as she “Pluck[s] the…teeth from the fierce tiger’s jaw.” All of these things are depressing indicators of age and subsequent death, but they are okay with her. She doesn’t want to see his age carved out there. Though Time destroys everything, the speaker says he has the power to fight against it by making great art that immortalises the things that he finds beautiful about the world. In Sonnet 19, the volta occurs after just seven lines. Make glad and sorry seasons as thou fleets. There is a sense that poetry has the power to immortalise beautiful moments that would otherwise be ephemeral and only witnessed by a few people. Apostrophe — the whole sonnet is an apostrophe to Time, addressed directly to the personified character of Time. My love shall in my verse ever live young. Sonnet 19 focuses on the unnamed man or ‘faire youth’, as he’s called elsewhere, as a love interest, and so we may interpret this in several ways — Shakespeare may be commenting on the condition of youth in general, or speaking about a particular friend of … Brian Ham Poetry Analysis on Shakespeare’s Sonnet 19 To begin, I will translate the entire sonnet into less artistic but easier to understand words. William Shakespeare was born in 1564 and died in 1616. Shakespeare chose to write this particular sonnet from the perspective of a woman. To the wide world and all her fading sweets; But I forbid thee one more heinous crime: O, carve not with the hours my love’s fair brow. But inconstant also suggests capricious, and the lover finds time more grave than whimsical in its alterations. And make the earth devour her own sweet brood; At the beginning of ‘Devouring Time, blunt thou the lion’s paws,’ the speaker utilizes the line which has come to be used as the title. “Time” could do away with this power forever, if she wanted, and it would be okay with the speaker. Sonnet 6 could easily be dismissed as an inconsequential piece of self-indulgent whimsy by Shakespeare, but when I recite these two sonnets together, I find the experience of shifting from the austere beauty of Sonnet 5 to the exasperated, tongue-in-cheek Sonnet 6 really delightful and liberating: it’s something I can really have fun with! The destructive ability of Time is a major theme; throughout the… And make the earth devour her own sweet brood; Pluck the keen teeth from the fierce tiger’s jaws. If she wants to kill off all the beautiful creatures of the world, she can. Writing in the 16th Century, Shakespeare modernised the 200 year old sonnet form by breaking from the traditional Petrarchan structure and creating his own rhyming pattern. It is considered by some to be the final sonnet of the initial procreation sequence.The sonnet addresses time directly, as it allows time its great power to destroy all things in nature, but the poem forbids time to erode the young man's fair appearance.